Black Forest Fire Seed Mix

nrcs-newPawnee Buttes Seed recommends the following custom seed mix for revegetation following Colorado’s Black Forest Fire.


Black Forest Fire Native Mix with Oats

Common Name Scientific Name % of Mix Cool/Warm Ht (ft)
Indian Ricegrass Achnatherum hymenoides 5 Cool 1-2′
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium 5 Warm 1-4′
Blue Grama Bouteloua gracilis  10  Warm  <2′
Switchgrass Panicum virgatum  10  Warm  2-4′
Sideoats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula 10  Warm  1-3′
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii 10 Warm 3-6′
Sandberg Bluegrass Poa secunda  10  Cool  <1′
Green Needlegrass Nassella viridula 5 Cool 1.5-3.5′
Western Wheatgrass Elymus lanceolatus 10  Cool  1-3′
Slender Wheatgrass Elymus trachycaulus  10 Cool 1.5-4’
Mountain Brome Bromus marginatus 10 Cool 1-3′
Prairie Junegrass Koeleria cristata 5 Cool 1-2′














Percentages of species and/or species may change due to availability.

The Black Forest Native Mix with Oats is made up with grasses that are adapted to medium textured soils, as well as, some of the shallower soils found in the transitional
area between the grasslands of the plains and the forest of the mountains along the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains. This mix is used for conservation,
restoration, cover, forage, wildlife, and for landowners in the Palmer Divide and Black Forest areas.  Elevation ranges from 5,000 to 8,000 feet and the average
annual precipitation is 10 to 20 inches.

Indian Ricegrass – Native widely distributed, cool season, medium-sized bunchgrass.  Commonly found with other grasses in semiarid western U.S.

Little Bluestem – Native to U.S. and widely distributed across the country.  Primary species of midwestern prairies.  Warm season, long-lived, perennial

Blue Grama – Major native species of the western Great Plains and the Southwest.  One of the most widely distributed of all native grasses.  A warm season,
perennial, open sod forming short grass.

Switchgrass – Native to all areas of U.S. except California and Pacific Northwest.  Primary species of the Midwest Tall Grass Prairie.  Medium tall, warm
season, long-lived, patchy sod grass.

Sideoats Grama – Native to U.S. and widely distributed eastward from Rocky Mountains.  Warm season, bunchy sod forming grass.

Big Bluestem – Native to most areas east of Rocky Mountains and primary species of Tall Grass Prairie of the Midwest.  Tall, long-lived, warm season,
bunchy sod former.

Sandberg Bluegrass – Native to western U.S., Rocky Mountain, and northern Great Plains region.  Short, cool season, bunchgrass.

Green Needlegrass – Native to the northern Great Plains and adjacent areas.  Rather tall, cool season, long-lived, perennial bunchgrass.

Western Wheatgrass – Native to the western U.S.  Drought-tolerant, cool season, long-lived, perennial sod former.

Slender Wheatgrass – Important, native cool season, short-lived perennial bunchgrass.  Early seral species found in northern Great Plains,
northern Rocky Mountains and Intermountain regions.

Mountain Brome – Rapid developing, short lived, medium sized, cool season bunchgrass.  Native to the intermountain west.

Prairie Junegrass – Native to western North America.  Slender, cool season, tufted perennial bunchgrass.

Oats – Cover crop used to control weeds and prevent erosion while the grasses establish.